kidney stones

Hemostatic Plug: Novel Technique for Closure of Percutaneous Nephrostomy Tract

Percutaneous nephrolithotripsy (PCNL) is a standard treatment for large renal calculi. Its technique is well establshed; however, there is a lack of consensus regarding leaving a nephrostomy tube (NT). NT offers both drainage and possibility of reentry in case surgical revision is needed.   Although placing a NT remains the most common practice, several studies have proposed tubeless approach in an attempt to minimize morbidity.